Expressing Ability And Inability In Korean ((으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다)
In Korean, the grammar structure (으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다 is used to express the ability or inability to do something.
The phrase translates literally as ‘is it possible?’ or ‘is possibility existing?’
Can you drive?
Yes, I can drive.
No, I can't drive.
I can't understand Korean.
Intensifying with 가: (으)ㄹ 수가 있다/없다
You can intensify the expression by adding 가 to it, thereby adding emphasis.
I really can't swim.
I really can't understand Korean, because Korean people speak very quickly.
The structure (으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다 is a simple but effective way to express your capabilities or limitations in Korean.
By adding 가, you can further emphasize the strength of your statement.