How To Use Gerunds In Korean (는 것)

In Korean, the structure V + 는 것 can be used to change a verb into its gerund form, comparable to the “-ing” form of verbs in English.

This grammatical feature is useful for talking about actions as subjects, objects, or topics of discussion.


Actions as subjects

한국에 운전하는 것은 위험해요.
Driving in Korea is dangerous.
한국어 배우는 것이 실망스러울 때가 있어요.
Sometimes learning Korean is frustrating.
고속버스로 타는 것은 빠르고 편리해요.
Travelling by express bus is fast and convenient.

Asking about preferences

왜 한국에 사는 것을 좋아해요?
Why do you like living in Korea?

Comparing actions

제가 축구를 보는 것보다 하는 것을 선호해요.
I prefer playing soccer to watching it.

Criticizing actions

요즘에 대학교에 다니는 것은 돈을 낭비하는 것 같아요. 아무것도 안 배워요!
These days, going to university seems like a waste of money. You learn nothing!


The 는 것 construction allows you to smoothly incorporate actions into your sentences as nouns, enabling more nuanced expression.

By understanding how to use it, you can enhance your ability to communicate complex ideas in Korean.

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